As the technology has been emerging quite rapidly, it is important for every person to cope up with the new developing era and update themselves. We know you are also interested in learning about electric vehicles and want to opt one for yourself. This is an ultimate guide for you to learn the basics about the Electric Vehicles.
You know that normal vehicles operate with petrol and diesel combustion. But instead of an internal combustion engine that produces electricity by burning a combination of gasoline and gases, an electric vehicle (EV) is one that runs on an electric motor. Hence, these types of vehicles are most likely to be the replacement for the current automobiles. This replacement is addressing many issues such as global warming, depletion of natural resources and rising pollution.
Starting from the basics, all the electric vehicles consists of an electric motor unlike regular automobiles, which are having internal combustion engine. The charging process of EV initiates with the charging the large battery of the vehicle. This is done by plugging it in to a charging station or any other external outlet to charge it. EVs do not exhaust through the tailpipe and they also don’t contain any components of liquid fuel such as fuel tank, fuel line or fuel pump.
The electric cars have some elementary components on which they operate. Starting from the major component known as Battery (auxiliary). The auxiliary battery supplies electricity to power vehicle devices in an electrically powered vehicle. Another element is the Charge Port, it let the vehicle to link with the external power supply for the charging of the traction battery. Next is the DC/DC Converter, it is responsible for the DC voltage conversion of the high voltage DC power from the traction battery to low voltage DC that is required to accelerate the vehicle devices and recharge our auxiliary battery. The motor which powers the wheels of the car, using input from the traction battery pack is called Electric Traction Motor. Some cars use engine generators that perform both the roles of driving and regeneration. For the purpose of charging an Onboard Charger is installed, which takes and transforms the incoming AC electricity supplied by the charge port to DC power for the traction battery charging. When charging the battery pack, it measures battery characteristics such as voltage, current, temperature, and battery capacity. Another component is the Controller for Power Electronics. This element controls the electrical energy flow provided by the traction battery, regulating the electrical traction motor speed and torque it generates. There is a Thermal System or Cooling System that is responsible for maintaining a suitable range of the operating temperature for multiple components such as electric motor, engine, power electronics etc. A Traction Battery Pack is used to store the electricity for the later use by traction motor. Last but not the least, Transmission responsible for driving the wheels by transferring the power from electric traction motor.